Maharashtra is the 3rd largest state of India located between 160 N to 220 N latitudes and 72 .80 E longitudes. Arabian Sea guards the western boundary of Maharashtra, while Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh are on the northern side. Chhattisgarh covers the eastern boundary of the state. Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are on its southern sides. On the basis of geographical features the state is divided into 3 natural regions,
1. Konkan comprising the coastal area
2. Sahyadri hill ranges known as Western Ghats
3. The Deccan plateau
Principle crops grown in the state are rice, jowar, bajara, wheat, tur, mung, urad, gram and other pulses. The state is major producer of oilseeds. Groundnut, sunflower, soybean are major oil seed crops. Important cash crops grown are cotton, sugarcane, turmeric and vegetables. The state has an area of 10.91 lakh hectares under various fruit crops like mango, banana, orange, grape and cashew nut etc.
The state has been divided into 9 agro-climatic zones based on rainfall, soil type and the vegetation as mentioned below,
1) South Konkan coastal zone
3) Western Ghat zone
4) Transition zone – 1
5) Transition zone – 2
6) Scarcity zone
7) Assured rainfall zone
8) Moderate rainfall zone
9) Eastern Vidarbha zone
Out of total cultivable land in Maharashtra about 60% land is under food grain crops, and Maharashtra contribute only 5.8% production of food grains in India because Jowar is dominating crop but its yield is low (583 kg/ha). Maharashtra is major producer of Jowar and Arhar contributing 46.09 and 29.11 %, respectively to the total production of India. It is second largest producer of Cotton (22.21%), Soybean (28.14%), and total cereals (13.56%) in the country.
Paddy, Nagali, Kharif. Jowar, Niger, Groundnut, Bajra, Urad
Wheat, Gram, Lentil, Peas, Lab-Lab/Wal, Rabi Sorghum
Double Cropping (Kharif-Rabi)
Paddy – Lab –Lab, Paddy-Gram/lentil/Peas, Paddy–mixed pulses like lentil, Paddy-wheat, Urad/Mung- Rabi Sorghum, Tur Irrigated
Kharif – Rabi-Summer
Paddy – Wheat, Paddy-vegetables, Rabi only Kharif-vegetables –Rabi-Vegetables, Kharif-Jowar – Summer-Groundnut, Kharif Vegetables (Potato) – Summer-Groundnut
Annual Crops (Irrigated conditions):
Sugarcane, Banana, Perennial, Mango, Cashew, Guava
The food grain production of the state is less than the national average. There is great scope for mechanisation in the state and especially horticultural crops. Efforts are on to develop sugarcane combine for harvesting of sugarcane as labour is not available for harvesting. Grapes are being grown and being exported. There is need to mechanise grape production by introducing machines for its planting, application of biogas slurry, fertigation, irrigation, spraying and harvesting. Citrus is also grown on large area and its needs mechanisation. Cotton occupies large area efforts are being made to develop cotton cultivars suitable for harvesting with self-propelled cotton picker. Area under soybean is on the rise and it also needs to be mechanised. The sale of tractors has picked up in Maharashtra since last few years.
We at GoHelpMate aim to help the Farmers by providing the farming equipments as & when required.