The world is talking about smart machines, smart networks, smart cities and actually implementing many of these ideas into reality. Internet of Things has become an important driver for smoothness in doing business and overall grow it in terms of expanding it as well as the profitability. Transportation is surely a major contributor to the growth of various businesses and IoT is definitely going to steer innovation and development in the transportation industry.
When we talk about transportation, it can be the trucking industry as well as rail transportation.
- IoT for the Trucking Industry :
The smart trucks are being introduced which are using the Internet of Things (IoT) systems and cellular communications technologies to transmit required important information for fleet management operations.
With the combination of IoT, big data as well as the predictive analytics, IoT can really impact positively to revolutionize the trucking and fleet management industry.
Data access – Real-Time
With high-quality sensors installed in the vehicles, fleet owners can gather all these real-time data like unnecessary stops on the way to delivery, the total time the engine was unnecessarily kept switched on, etc. This will help to optimize efficiencies and business processes. Sensors can also help the fleet coordinators get level of insights like measuring the pressure of vehicle tires as well as the driver & vehicle locations.
This further extends to sensors giving signals to detect the driver’s behavior, like giving the information about driving quality, information related to speed regulations, route adherence, acceleration and deceleration statistics, braking practices, etc. With such IoT solutions, real-time information can be used to increase the efficiency of operations of the fleet services.
Connected fleets for improvements in operational efficiency and environmental impact
Connected vehicles allow a more efficient, productive business and also improve environmental impact. It can reduce the vehicles travel to the site by 68% to lower the fuel consumption and emissions.
If the vehicles are connected to the cloud, the accidents risk because of careless driving and less connectivity will be reduced and can increase the vehicle’s efficiency. Overall it will decrease the cost the logistics.
Connectivity to vehicles can also be used to monitor the health of the fleet. On-time alerts such as a low battery, coolant temperature, engine maintenance, inspection reminders, and other factors, can help in preventive measures to keep the vehicles running safely and smoothly.
Connected device’s number in transportation globally is expected to grow to 60 million by 2023 from 11 million devices in 2013. IoT is the future for fleet management. It will be important to select an appropriate IoT vendor for better results.
- IoT in Rail Transportation :
The rail industry has developed in such a way today that it can exploit the potential of industrial IoT which can help this industry to also cut down the investments in infrastructure.
The following points give us an idea of how the IoT is bringing in increased efficiency together with the enhanced passenger experience:
Safety & Reliability
The sudden breaking down of the train on the track can lead to delays across the network, cause trouble to the passenger and can throw the entire system off-gear. But the recent developments in preventive maintenance practices using the IoT can help to avoid such problems. With the integration of IoT sensors, critical components like brakes, wheelsets, and engines, trains become more sensitive to their operations with increased efficiency.
IoT can be helpful in the maintenance of rail tracks. With the sensors across-track systems, operators can very well monitor track stress and conditions, temperatures, and other parameters required for predictive maintenance and it will result in improved safety.
Reduced Maintenance Delays
Downtime due to sudden repairs can be improved. Predictive and preventive maintenance is feasible and more effective with the use of IoT. Smart sensors and analytics installed throughout the engine, coaches, and tracks, the rail systems can be remotely checked and repaired before any small problem gets bigger. IoT also helps in reducing maintenance delays and further extends the life of rail infrastructure.
Streamlined Operations using analytics
The operators are able to control the trains efficiently by tracking them across networks and processing the data using analytics. The IoT can also be employed to check the passenger flow. Analysis of such data guides operators on optimizing the travel schedules as per the need and demand of the commuters.
Further, the IoT is being used in the predictive weather modeling to be ready for and avoid service interruptions caused by weather conditions.
Optimized Passenger Experience
The rail companies are transforming to meet passenger expectations with improved services. IoT can help operators to personalize the travel experience for passengers. Rail operators can ensure increased passenger loyalty using IoT systems to understand customer experience history and make improvements for a more comfortable as well as convenient journey.
Better Product Development in the Industry
Rail OEMs and operators can leverage IoT for better operations with the available infrastructure and also in the manufacturing of locomotives, wagons and train coaches. Engineers can use analytics with operations and performance data to derive valuable, actionable points. This helps them understand the manufacturing procedures more dynamically and improve the quality of final product sooner than in traditional methods. IoT can help to improve the delivery of more sophisticated and connected products in the rail industry.
IoT is bringing together the enterprise IT & the operations technology
Railway Management System Market size is set to exceed USD 64 billion by 2024 with CAGR >10% (2018-2024). Some of the major companies offering the railway management systems are Bombardier, Cisco, Nokia, IBM, ABB, Indra, Toshiba, Trimble, Thales, Hitachi, Huawei,, Siemens, Alstom, Sierra Wireless, EKE Electronics, Thales, Atos, Ansaldo, Amadeus, Frequentis.